||This article needs additional removed. (April 2008)|
Norway is the world’s largest ski jumping hill.
|Highest governing body||International Ski Federation|
|Team members||Individual or groups|
|Olympic||Since the first ever Winter Olympics in 1924|
Ski jumping is a sport in which skiers go down a take-off ramp, jump and attempt to land as far as possible down the hill below. In addition to the length of the jump, judges give points for style. The skis used for ski jumping are wide and long (260 to 275 centimetres (100 to 108 in)). Ski jumping is predominantly a inrun, plastic on the landing hill.
True ski jumping originated in Morgedal, Norway. Olaf Rye, a Norwegian lieutenant, was the first known ski jumper. In 1809, he launched himself 9.5 meters in the air in front of an audience of other soldiers. By 1862, ski jumpers were tackling much larger jumps and traveling longer. Norway’s Sondre Norheim jumped 30 meters over a rock without the benefit of poles. His record stood for three decades. The first proper competition was held in Trysil. The first widely known ski jumping competition was the Husebyrennene, held in Oslo in 1879, with Olaf Haugann of Norway setting the first world record for the longest ski jump at 20 metres. The annual event was moved to Holmenkollen from 1892, and Holmenkollen has remained the pinnacle of ski jumping venues.
According to the International Olympic Committee’s site:
Ski jumping has been part of the Olympic Winter Games since the first Games in Chamonix Mont-Blanc in 1924. The Large Hill competition was included on the Olympic programme for the 1964 Olympic Games in Innsbruck.
Today, FIS Ski Jumping World Cup are held on three types of hills:
- Normal hill competitions
- for which the calculation line is found at approximately 80–100 metres (260–330 ft). Distances of up to and over 110 metres (360 ft) can be reached.
- Large hill competitions
- for which the calculation line is found at approximately 120–130 metres (390–430 ft). Distances of over 145 metres (476 ft) can be obtained on the larger hills. Both individual and team competitions are run on these hills.
- Ski-flying competitions
- for which the calculation line is found at 185 metres (607 ft). The Ski Flying World Record of 246.5 metres (809 ft) is held by Vikersundbakken, Norway in February 2011.
Amateur and junior competitions are held on smaller hills.
Individual Olympic competition consists of a training jump and two scored jumps. The team event consists of four members of the same nation, who each jump twice.
Ski jumping is one of the two elements of the Nordic combined sport.
 Summer jumping
Ski jumping can also be performed in the summer on a porcelain track and plastic grass combined with water. There are also many competitions during the summer. The World Cup (Summer Grand Prix) often includes those hills:
Continental Cup also have summer competitions and even more than the World Cup.
 Women’s ski jumping
On 26 May 2006, the International Ski Federation decided to allow women to ski jump at the 2009 Nordic World Ski Championships in Liberec, Czech Republic and then to have a team event for women at the 2011 world championships. FIS also decided to submit a proposal to the International Olympic Committee (IOC) to allow women to compete at the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver.
On 28 November 2006, the proposal for a women’s ski jumping event was rejected by the Executive Board of the IOC. The reason for the rejection cited the low number of athletes as well as few participating countries in the sport. The Executive Board noted that women’s ski jumping has yet to be fully established internationally.
It has been noted that while the number of women in ski jumping is not insignificant, the field has a much wider spread in terms of talent, in that the top men are all of a similar level of strength competitively, while the women are more varied, even in the top tiers.
A group of 15 competitive female ski jumpers filed a suit against the 
 Mixed Team
On June 16, 2012 a historic first ever world premiere of Mixed Team ski jumping event performing men and women together was held at Mostec
On August 14, 2012 first ever full four members (two men and two women) ski jumping Mixed Team, a first ever Mixed Team FIS Grand Prix Ski Jumping event and first ever on plastic was held in Courchevel, France. Competition was held on normal La Praz olympic HS96 hill. The first full four member Mixed Team and first ever Grand Prix mixed team winner in history was team of Japan.
On November 23, 2012 first historic FIS World Cup Mixed Team event took place in Lysgårdsbakken olympic HS100 hill. Each national mixed team consisted of four ski jumpers, two men and two women. The first World Cup mixed team winner was team of Norway.
All Pre-World Cup, Olympic Games, World Championships & World Cup events are included. (As of March 18, 2011)
|Olympic Games (1924–2010)|
|most individual victories||Simon Ammann||4||2002–2010|
|all medals||Matti Nykänen||5||1984–1988|
|most team victories||Finland Team||2||1988–1992|
|most team medals||Austria Team||5||1992–2010|
|youngest winner individual (Albertville)||Toni Nieminen||16 y, 261 d||1992|
|oldest winner individual (Lillehammer)||Jens Weißflog||29 y, 214 d||1994|
|by No. of Olympic appearances||Noriaki Kasai||6||1992–2010|
|FIS Nordic World Ski Championships (1925–2011)|
|most individual victories||Adam Małysz||4||2001–2007|
|most individual medals||Adam Małysz||6||2001–2011|
|all medals||Janne Ahonen||10||1995–2005|
|most team victories||Austria Team||8||1984–2011|
|most team medals||Austria Team||14||1984–2011|
|youngest winner individual (Thunder Bay)||Tommy Ingebrigtsen||17 y, 222 d||1995|
|oldest winner individual (Liberec)||Andreas Küttel||29 y, 308 d||2009|
|by No. of Championships appearances||Noriaki Kasai||10||1989–2009|
|FIS Ski-Flying World Championships (1972–2010)|
|most individual victories||Walter Steiner||2||1972–1977|
|most individual medals||Matti Nykänen||5||1983–1990|
|all medals||Janne Ahonen||7||1996–2008|
|most team victories||Norway Team||2||2004–2006|
|most team medals||Norway Team||4||2004–2010|
|youngest winner individual (Oberstdorf)||Gregor Schlierenzauer||18 y, 47 d||2008|
|oldest winner individual (Vikersund)||Robert Kranjec||30 y, 224 days||2012|
|by No. of Championships appearances||Janne Ahonen||9||1994–2010|
|Four Hills Tournament (1952–2011)|
|most overall victories||Janne Ahonen||5||1999–2008|
|most individual victories||Jens Weißflog||10||1983–1996|
|youngest winner individual (Oberstdorf)||Toni Nieminen||16 y, 212 d||29 December 1991|
|oldest winner individual (Bischofshofen)||Jens Weißflog||31 y, 169 d||6 January 1996|
|youngest winner overall||Toni Nieminen||16 y, 220 d||1991–92|
|oldest winner overall||Jens Weißflog||31 y, 169 d||1995–96|
|World Cup (1979–2011)|
|most overall wins||Matti Nykänen||4||1983–1988|
|most individual victories||Matti Nykänen||46||1981–1989|
|most individual podiums||Janne Ahonen||108||1993–2010|
|most individual Top 10 results||Janne Ahonen||245||1993–2011|
|most team victories||Austria team||23||1990–2011|
|most team medals||Austria team||45||1990–2011|
|most individual performances||Noriaki Kasai||409||1989-active|
|most team performances||Noriaki Kasai||42||1990-active|
|all performances||Noriaki Kasai||451||1989-active|
|most seasons||Noriaki Kasai||22||1989-active|
|most ski-flying individual victories||Gregor Schlierenzauer||10||2006-active|
|youngest winner individual (Lahti)||Steve Collins||15 y, 362 d||9 March 1980|
|oldest winner individual (Kuopio)||Takanobu Okabe||38 y, 135 d||10 March 2009|
|youngest winner overall||Toni Nieminen||16 y, 303 d||1991-92|
|oldest winner overall||Adam Małysz||29 y, 112 d||2006-07|
|oldest World Cup performance jumper||Takanobu Okabe||41 y, 95 d||1989-2012|
|most wins in one season individual||Gregor Schlierenzauer||13||2008-09|
|most points in one season individual||Gregor Schlierenzauer||2083 (points)||2008-09|
|Other records (all times)|
|first jump over 100m (Planica)||Sepp Bradl||101m||1936|
|first jump over 200m (Planica)||Andreas Goldberger (fall, invalid)||202m*||1994|
|Toni Nieminen (official)||203m||1994|
|most jumps over 200m||Robert Kranjec||131||1998–active|
|world record (Vikersund)||Johan Remen Evensen||246.5m||2011|
|first World Cup individual event||Cortina d’Ampezzo||December||1979|
|first World Cup team event||Lahti||March||1990|
The winner is decided on a scoring system based on distance, style, inrun length and wind conditions.
Each hill has a target called the calculation point (or K point or “critical point”) which is a par distance to aim for. It is also the place where many jumpers land, in the middle of the landing area. This point is marked by the K line on the landing strip. For K-90 and K-120 competitions, the K line is at 90 metres (300 ft) and 120 metres (390 ft) respectively. Skiers are awarded 60 points if they land on the K Line. Skiers not landing on the K Line receive or lose points for every metre (3 ft) they miss the mark by, depending on if they surpass it or fall short, respectively. Thus, it is possible for a jumper to get a negative score if the jump is way short of the K line with poor style marks (typically a fall). The value of a metre is determined from the size of the hill. The K point is the point on the hill where the slope begins to flatten as measured from the take off.
In addition, five judges are based in a tower to the side of the expected landing point. They can award up to 20 points each for style based on keeping the skis steady during flight, balance, good body position, and landing. The highest and lowest style scores are disregarded, with the remaining three scores added to the distance score. Thus, a perfectly scored K-120 jump – with at least four of the judges awarding 20 points each – and the jumper landing on the K-point, is awarded a total of 120 points.
In January 2010, a new scoring system was introduced to compensate for variable outdoor conditions. Aerodynamics and take-off speed are important variables that determine the value of a jump, and if weather conditions change during a competition, the conditions will not be equal for everyone and thus unfair. The jumper will now receive or lose points if the inrun length is adjusted. An advanced calculation also determines plus/minus points for the actual wind conditions at the time of the jump. These points are added or withdrawn from the original scores from the jump itself.
In the individual event, the scores from each skier’s two competition jumps are combined to determine the winner.
Ski jumpers below the minimum safe body mass index are penalized with a shorter maximum ski length, reducing the aerodynamic lift they can achieve. These rules have been credited with stopping the most severe cases of underweight athletes, but some competitors still lose weight to maximize the distance they can jump.
The ski jump is divided into four separate sections; 1) In-run, 2) Take-off (jump), 3) Flight and 4) Landing. In each part the athlete is required to pay attention to and practice a particular technique in order to maximise the outcome of ultimate length and style marks.
Using the modern Aerodynamics has become a factor of increasing importance in modern ski jumping, with recent rules addressing the regulation of ski jumping suits. This follows a period when loopholes in the rules seemed to favour skinny jumpers in stiff, air foil-like suits.
Previous techniques first included the Windisch technique were the standard for ski jumping from the 1950s.
Until the mid 1970s, the Ski jumper would come down the in-run of the hill with both arms pointing forwards. This changed when the former East German Ski jumper Jochen Danneberg introduced the new in-run technique of directing the arms backwards in a more aerodynamic position.
The landing requires the skiers to touch the ground in the Telemark landing style. This involves the jumper landing with one foot in front of the other, mimicking the style of the Norwegian inventors of Telemark skiing. Failure to comply with this regulation will lead to the deduction of style marks (points).
Ski jumping is popular among spectators and TV audiences in Scandinavia and Central Europe. Almost all world-class ski jumpers come from those regions or from Japan. Traditionally, the strongest countries are Finland, Norway, Germany, Austria, Poland, Switzerland, Slovenia, and Japan. However, there have always been successful ski jumpers from other countries as well (see list below). The Bavaria, Germany and Austria around New Year’s, is very popular.
There have been attempts to spread the popularity of the sport by finding ways by which the construction and upkeep of practicing and competition venues can be made easier. These include plastic fake snow to provide a slippery surface even during the summer time and in locations where snow is a rare occurrence.
 Ski flying
Ski jumping originates from Norway but the homeland of ski flying is Slovenia. World’s first ski flying hill was in Planica. In 1936 the FIS started to regulate the construction of the jumping hills and issued international standards. Back then it was forbidden to build hills on which jumps longer than 80 meters are possible. Nevertheless the first ever skiflying hill was built in Planica (SLO) but It took several more years until competitions on this hill were approved by the International Federation.
 List of ski flying hills
|Hill name||Location||Opened||K-point||Hill size||Hill record|
|Vikersundbakken||Norway||1936||K-195||HS 225||246.5 metres (809 ft)|
|Letalnica Bratov Gorišek||Slovenia||1969||K-185||HS 215||239.0 metres (784.1 ft)|
|Heini-Klopfer-Skiflugschanze||Germany||1950||K-185||HS 213||225.5 metres (740 ft)|
|Kulm||Austria||1950||K-185||HS 200||215.5 metres (707 ft)|
|Čerťák||Czech Republic||1979||K-185||HS 205||214.5 metres (704 ft)|
|Copper Peak||United States||1970||K-170||HS 180||158.0 metres (518.4 ft)|
Ski Flying is an extreme version of ski jumping. The events take place in big hills with a K-spot of at least 185 metres (607 ft). The difference between ski flying and “big hill” ski jumping is subtle, but ski flying puts more focus on the ability to float or glide through the air, and less on pure jumping ability. Copper Peak’s reprofiling landing zone is already completed.
 Ski flying and Sky diving
Ski Flyers rely on the same aerodynamics body positions (i.e. skydivers. As gear technology and flight techniques improved in the early 1970s, both sports seem to have developed these aerodynamically stable “body positions”. Depending on the gear being used, the glide ratios for the “tracking” and “delta” body positions for both sports can be as much as 2:1, meaning the ski jumper or skydiver can attain as much as 2 metres of travel over ground for every 1 metre of altitude they drop. Generally, skydivers “fly” through the air twice as fast as ski jumpers. Participants in both sports call themselves “jumpers.”
Nonetheless, most of the top competitors in “regular” ski jumping tend to be among the best in ski flying competitions as well. However, some jumpers, such as Robert Kranjec are regarded as ski flying specialists.
The “father” of ski flying is Janez Gorišek, an engineer, sportsman and enthusiastic sport-promoter who designed the Planica ski-jump. There are five ski flying hills in the world today: Vikersundbakken in Vikersund, Norway; Oberstdorf, Germany; Kulm Austria; Letalnica, Planica, Slovenia; and Harrachov, Czech Republic. A sixth hill, Copper Peak in the western Upper Peninsula of Michigan, is currently disused, although there are plans to rebuild it to FIS standards. There are plans for more ski flying hills, even for an indoor ski flying hill in Ylitornio, Finland. The biggest hill is Vikersundbakken in Vikersund.
It is possible to fly more than 200 metres (660 ft) in all the ski flying hills, and the current World Record is 246.5 metres (809 ft), set by Norwegian Johan Remen Evensen at Vikersund in 2011.
The Ski flying World Championships started in 1972 and have been held on a mainly biennial basis, although there have been several occasions where events were held annually. The 2010 FIS World Championships in skiflying were organised in Planica, and in 2012 the FIS World Championships will take place in Vikersund, Norway.
1998 Ski flying World Championships individual day event wins in two series also counted as an individual World Cup win.
 Official jumps over 200m
- As of 18 March 2012.
|1.||Robert Kranjec (SLO)||131|
|2.||Martin Koch (AUT)||121|
|3.||Adam Małysz (POL)||114|
|Bjørn Einar Romøren (NOR)||114|
|5.||Matti Hautamäki (FIN)||108|
|Thomas Morgenstern (AUT)||108|
|…||Simon Ammann (SUI)||99|
|…||Noriaki Kasai (JPN)||85|
|…||Gregor Schlierenzauer (AUT)||80|
retired ski jumper
 Notable ski jumpers
The most notable ski jumpers may be considered those who have managed to show a perfect jump, which means that all five judges attributed the maximum style score of 20 points for their jumps. In addition Eddie the Eagle Edwards should be noted for his hilarious approach to ski jumping and also for his comical appearance.
So far only 5 jumpers are recorded to have achieved this:
|Anton Innauer||7 March 1976||Oberstdorf||Ski flying (International ski flying weeks)||1|
|Kazuyoshi Funaki||15 February 1998||Nagano||Olympic Winter Games, large hill, second jump||1|
|Sven Hannawald||8 February 2003||Willingen||Worldcup competition, large hill, first jump||1|
|Hideharu Miyahira||8 February 2003||Willingen||Worldcup competition, large hill, second jump||6|
|Wolfgang Loitzl||6 January 2009||Bischofshofen||Four Hills Jumping, large hill, first jump||1|
Sven Hannawald and Wolfgang Loitzl were attributed four times 20 (plus another 19,5) style score points for their second jump, thus receiving nine times the maximum score of 20 points within one competition.
Other notable ski jumpers can be found in the following lists:
- Winners of the FIS Ski Jumping World Cup
- Winners of Olympic Winter Games / Ski Jumping
- Winners of Nordic World Ski Championships / Ski Jumping
- Winners of the Four Hill Jumping
||This list of “famous” or “notable” sporting persons has no clear exclusion criteria. Please help to define clear inclusion criteria and edit the list to contain only subjects that fit that criteria. (June 2012)|
- Sarah Hendrickson
- Anette Sagen
- Eva Ganster
- Lindsey Van
- Jessica Jerome
- Daniela Iraschko
- Elena Runggaldier
- Evelyn Insam
- Lisa Demetz
- Coline Mattel
- Anna Hafele
- Magdalena Schnurr
- Ulrike Grässler
- Line Jahr
- Jacqueline Seifriedsberger
- Juliane Seyfarth
- Eva Logar
- Maja Vtič
- Anja Tepeš
- Špela Rogelj
- Katja Požun
- Urša Bogataj
- / Vinko Bogataj – Best known as “The Agony of Defeat man” because of the constant use of footage of his spectacular tumble in the title sequence of ABC’s Wide World of Sports
- Eddie “The Eagle” Edwards – Popular favourite at the 1988 Winter Olympics
 Important venues
 National records
|This section does not references or sources. (February 2012)|
|1.||Norway||Johan Remen Evensen||246.5 metres (809 ft)||Vikersund||2011||Elan|
|2.||Slovenia||Robert Kranjec||244 metres (801 ft)||Vikersund||2012||Fischer|
|3.||Austria||Gregor Schlierenzauer||243.5 metres (799 ft)||Vikersund||2011||Fischer|
|4.||Finland||Janne Happonen||240 metres (790 ft)||Vikersund||2011||Fischer|
|Japan||Daiki Ito||240 metres (790 ft)||Vikersund||2012||Fischer|
|6.||Switzerland||Simon Ammann||238.5 metres (782 ft)||Vikersund||2011||Fischer|
|7.||Czech Republic||Antonín Hájek||236 metres (774 ft)||Planica||2010||Fischer|
|8.||Poland||Piotr Żyła||232.5 metres (763 ft)||Vikersund||2012||Fischer|
|9.||Russia||Denis Kornilov||232 metres (761 ft)||Vikersund||2012||Fischer|
|10.||Germany||Richard Freitag||230 metres (750 ft)||Vikersund||2012||Fischer|
|11.||France||Vincent Descombes Sevoie||225 metres (738 ft)||Vikersund||2012||Fischer|
|12.||United States||Alan Alborn||221.5 metres (727 ft)||Planica||2002||Fischer|
|13.||Italy||Andrea Morassi||216.5 metres (710 ft)||Planica||2012||Elan|
|14.||Sweden||Isak Grimholm||207.5 metres (681 ft)||Planica||2007||Elan|
|South Korea||Choi Heung-Chul||207.5 metres (681 ft)||Planica||2008||Fischer|
|16.||Estonia||Kaarel Nurmsalu||204 metres (669 ft)||Vikersund||2012||Fischer|
|17.||Belarus||Petr Chaadaev||197.5 metres (648 ft)||Kulm||2006||Rossignol|
|18.||Kazakhstan||Radik Zhaparov||196.5 metres (645 ft)||Planica||2007||Fischer|
|19.||Slovakia||Martin Mesik||195.5 metres (641 ft)||Kulm||2006||Elan|
|20.||Canada||Mackenzie Boyd-Clowes||194 metres (636 ft)||Vikersund||2012||Fischer|
|21.||Ukraine||Vitaliy Shumbarets||189.5 metres (622 ft)||Planica||2009||Elan|
|22.||Bulgaria||Petar Fartunov||175 metres (574 ft)||Planica||2009||–|
|23.||Netherlands||Christoph Kreuzer||162 metres (531 ft)||Planica||2002||–|
|24.||Hungary||Gabor Geller||139 metres (456 ft)||Harrachov||1980||–|
|25.||Turkey||Faik Yuksel||138 metres (453 ft)||–||–||–|
|26.||Kyrgyzstan||Dmitry Chvykov||122 metres (400 ft)||–||–||–|
|27.||Romania||Florin Spulber||118 metres (387 ft)||Borșa||1999||–|
|28.||China||Tian Zhandong||118 metres (387 ft)||–||–||–|
|29.||United Kingdom||Glynn Pedersen||113.5 metres (372 ft)||Salt Lake City||2002||–|
|30.||Georgia||Kakhaber Tsakadze||105 metres (344 ft)||–||–||–|
|31.||Croatia||Josip Šporer||102 metres (335 ft)||Planica||1940’s||–|
|32.||Moldova||Filipciuc Ivan||95 metres (312 ft)||Borșa||2002||Fischer|
|33.||Wales||Mark Wayne Evans||85.5 metres (281 ft)||–||–||–|
|34.||Argentina||Ferdinand Gomez||78 metres (256 ft)||–||–||–|
|35.||Armenia||Sarahn Czizkabika||49.5 metres (162 ft)||Gibswil||2011||–|
|36.||Montenegro||Bozo Cvorovic||46 metres (151 ft)||Zabijak||1960’s||–|
|37.||Belgium||||35 metres (115 ft)||Rückershausen||2012||–|
 Water ski jumping
The ski jump is performed on two long skis similar to those a beginner uses, with a specialized tailfin that is somewhat shorter and much wider (so it will support the weight of the skier when he is on the jump ramp). Skiers towed behind a boat at fixed speed, maneuver to achieve the maximum speed when hitting a ramp floating in the water, launching themselves into the air with the goal of traveling as far as possible before touching the water. Professional ski jumpers can travel up to 70 metres (230 ft). The skier must successfully land and retain control of the ski rope to be awarded the distance.
An extreme version of this sport named Ski Flying was promoted by Scot Ellis and Jim Cara, in which boat speeds and ramp heights are boosted because physics have proved that the standard 75 feet (23 m) line and traditional 35 miles per hour (56 km/h) boat speed is outrun by the skier and the pro skier was ahead of the boat, being held back by the line.
 See also
- Oslo – Huseby (Ski Jumping Hill Archive)
- “Ski Jumping”. International Olympic Committee. http://www.olympic.org/en/content/Sports/All-Sports/Skiing/Ski-Jumping/.
- “FIS MEDIA INFO: Decisions of the 45th International Ski Congress in Vilamoura/Algarve (POR)”. Fédération Internationale de Ski. 2006-05-26. http://www.fis-ski.com/uk/news/pressreleases/pressreleases2006/gacongressdecisions.html. Retrieved 2009-11-14.
- IOC approves skicross; rejects women’s ski jumping
- “Rogge: Women jumpers would dilute Olympics medals”. CTV News. 2008-02-28. http://www.ctv.ca/servlet/ArticleNews/story/CTVNews/20080228/ski_jumping_080227/20080228/. Retrieved 2009-11-14.
- Christa Case Bryant (2009-11-08). “Why women can’t ski jump in the Winter Olympics”. Christian Science Monitor. http://www.csmonitor.com/2009/1109/p17s03-ussc.html. Retrieved 2009-11-14.
- Cindy Chan (2009-04-29). “Female Ski Jumpers Seem Olympic Inclusion”. Epoch Times. http://www.theepochtimes.com/n2/content/view/16139/. Retrieved 2009-11-14.
- . Retrieved 2009-11-14.
- CBC News (2009-07-10). “Female ski jumpers lose Olympic battle”. CBC News. http://www.cbc.ca/canada/british-columbia/story/2009/07/10/bc-olympic-women-ski-jump-decision.html. Retrieved 2009-11-14.
- Tatianan Siegel, “Virginia Madsen to defy ‘Gravity'”, Variety, Apr. 8, 2009
- “Prvič v zgodovini smučarskih skokov – tekma mešanih parov”, Športna zveza Ljubljane, June 16, 2012
- ski jumping hills in Mostec skisprungschanzen.com
- For Ski Jumpers, a Sliding Scale of Weight, Distance and Health
- Vom Olymp zu den Fischen auf faz.net
- Australian Olympic Committee commenting the Olympic Winter Games of Nagano 1998
- FIS result list 6 January 2009, Rank 1 Loitzl (PDF-File, 273 kB)
- “Neerpeltenaar kroont zich tot Belgisch kampioen schansspringen” (in Dutch). Het Belang van Limburg. 2012-06-13. http://www.hbvl.be/limburg/neerpelt/neerpeltenaar-kroont-zich-tot-belgisch-kampioen-schansspringen-video.aspx. Retrieved 14 June 2012.
- Broekx, Jesse (2012-06-11). “Tom Waes niet langer beste Belgische schansspringer” (in Dutch). sport.be.msn.com. http://sport.be.msn.com/nl/andere/article.html?Article_ID=589694. Retrieved 14 June 2012.
- Van Horne, Kizzy (2012-06-14). “Twintiger snoept Belgisch record schansspringen van Tom Waes af” (in Dutch). Het Nieuwsblad. http://www.nieuwsblad.be/article/detail.aspx?articleid=DMF20120614_00183842. Retrieved 14 June 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Ski jumping|
- skijumping.de – Great German website about ski jumping
- skijumpingcentral.com A great English language ski jumping resource
- Olympic Ski Jumping History
- World’s longest ski jump Bjørn Einar Romøren video
- International Ski Federation Scoring, rules, measurement of jumps, etc. can be found here.
- Norge Ski Club / Training area The oldest ski jumping club in the United States.
This article uses material from the Wikipedia article Ski Jumping, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.